CAREERS AFTER 12th

SCIENCE STREAM

  • It offers lucrative career options to students after 12th standard.
  • It opens up the career options in Engineering and Medical sciences.
  • The major subjects that are offered in the Science stream are Physics, Chemistry, Biology, English, Mathematics, Biotechnology, and Computer Science.
  • For anyone who wants to study Engineering has to study Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics and those who want to study Medical sciences has to choose Biology as a main subject.

ENGINEERING COURSES

After finishing 12th science stream schooling, one may go for undergraduate B.E. or B.Tech. Engineering program. The course duration is 4 years. After B.E./B.Tech., one may also go for M.E./M.Tech., which is master degree course in Engineering! M.E./ M.Tech. program lasts for 2 years. Some of the prominent branches of Engineering are-

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Civil Engineering
  • Chemical Engineering
  • Computer Science Engineering
  • IT Engineering
  • IC Engineering
  • EC Engineering
  • Electronics Engineering
  • Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering
  • Petroleum Engineering
  • Aeronautical Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Automobile Engineering
  • Mining Engineering
  • Biotechnology Engineering
  • Genetic Engineering
  • Plastics Engineering
  • Food Processing and Technology
  • Agricultural Engineering
  • Dairy Technology and Engineering
  • Agricultural Information Technology
  • Power Engineering
  • Production Engineering
  • Infrastructure Engineering
  • Motorsport Engineering
  • Metallurgy Engineering
  • Textile Engineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Marine Engineering
  • Naval Architecture

Mechanical Engineering primarily deals with the design, working, maintenance and operation of machines and their parts. It is a vast field and consists of disciplines such as – Automobile Engineering, Production Engineering, Industrial Engineering etc. Mechanical Engineering is an evergreen branch! This is due to the fact that there’s always demand for mechanical engineers in the job market!

Electrical Engineering is one of the core branches of engineering. This branch primarily deals with generation and transmission of electricity, electric circuits, transformers etc. Electrical engineers may pursue Master’s Degree in fields such as CS, EC, Large Scale Integrated Circuits etc.Electrical Engineering is also an evergreen branch. There are ample job opportunities available in front of electrical engineers.

Civil Engineering, as we all know, primarily deals with planning, construction and maintenance of buildings and other physical structures (bridges, roads, canals, dams etc). It is a very important branch of engineering. It is a vast field and consists of sub-disciplines such as – transportation engineering, irrigation engineering, infrastructure engineering etc.After completing B.E. or B.Tech. in Civil Engineering, graduates may pursue M.E. or M.Tech. and specialize in the above mentioned disciplines.Civil Engineering is one of the oldest branches of engineering. It generates ample amount of job opportunities. The minimum educational qualification required to pursue B.E. or B.Tech. in Civil Engineering is – 10+2 passed with PCM subjects.

Chemical Engineering primarily deals with chemical reaction, chemical processes and production of various types of chemicals. Chemical engineers are usually hired by refineries, fertilizer manufacturing firms, chemical factories and oil and natural gas firms.Chemical Engineers have access to both private and government sector jobs.

Computer Science Engineering primarily deals with computer hardware, software and programming. Coding has gained huge popularity in the recent times. We rely on software for tasks such as – banking, finance, education, healthcare, business etc.For creating software, we need computer engineers! Skilled computer engineers are capable of planning, designing, developing and testing software.

IT stands for Information Technology. We rely on IT systems for tasks such as – banking, education, business, healthcare etc. In order to design, develop, install and operate IT systems, we need skilled IT Engineers It is a relatively new field of engineering. But within short span, it has gained huge popularity and a place of its own among other engineering branches

IC stands for Instrumentation and Control. This branch primarily deals with – hydraulics, pneumatic systems, instrumentation, control systems etc. It is a job oriented branch and is known to generate ample job opportunities.

EC stands for Electronics and Communication Engineering. This branch primarily deals with electronic systems, equipment, communication systems, electromagnetic waves etc.

Electronics Engineering primarily deals with electronic systems, circuits, electronic equipment etc. Programming and automation are also important parts of this branch.

Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering deals with electronics as well as telecommunication systems. Though this branch is similar to EC and Electronics Engineering, it focuses extensively on communication systems.

Petroleum Engineering primarily deals with exploration & surveying of potential reservoirs, extraction, processing, storage and transportation of petroleum and other by-products.Petroleum Engineering can broadly be classified into three sections – upstream, midstream and downstream. Petroleum Engineers are usually hired by refineries, oil and natural gas firms, chemical factories and oil and gas exploration firms.

Aeronautical Engineering primarily deals with the design, making, maintenance and operation of aircraft and its parts. Engine, wings, electronic systems – this branch covers everything related to an aircraft!There are specializations within this branch. For example – avionics. This specialization focuses on electronics systems used in the field of aviation! Similarly, there’s also a specialization that focuses on mechanical parts and machine used in the field of aviation.

Automobile Engineering can be said to be a part of Mechanical Engineering. This branch made a place of its own after automobile technology has made advance in leaps and bounds! This branch primarily deals with the design, manufacturing, maintenance and research of automobiles!

Mining Engineering primarily deals with exploration and surveying of mines. Mining is carried out in order to obtain minerals, coal, metals, oil, natural gas etc. Mining is a complex process. It involves advanced surveying technology, complex drilling equipment, mathematics, physics and geology!

Biotechnology is a relatively new branch of engineering. It combines biology, engineering and technology for the betterment of our lives. There are many applications to this branch. Notable areas are – healthcare, agriculture, food production and nutrition.

Genetic Engineering combines elements of genetics, biology, engineering and technology. The main aim of this branch is to modify and engineer the genetic structure so that desired results and properties can be achieved at cellular and molecular level!The applications of this branch are many. Notable areas of application are – healthcare, nutrition, food processing and agriculture.

Plastic Engineering deals with the processing, production and study of plastic products and materials. Plastic is used for making household utensils, toys etc. It is also used in pharmaceutical sector.Plastic engineers are knowledgeable about chemistry, material science, polymer processing and product design.

Food Processing and Technology combines concepts of agriculture, chemistry, food processing and technology. As a result, this branch is capable of increasing food productivity and improving nutrition standards!Food Technology graduates are usually hired by food processing firms and Government agencies (example – state-wise food and beverages corporation).

Agricultural Engineering combines the concepts of agricultural science, technology and engineering together! As a result, this branch is capable of improving agricultural productivity by increasing production and eliminating crop diseases!Agricultural engineers have diverse job opportunities available in front of them.

Textile Engineering primarily deals with textile machinery, processes, material and production. Textile sector is known to use heavy machinery for processing and production. It also involves chemical processes